Through this lecture I will attempt to shortly present the history of film education. That the greatest development in film education happened in France is not a coincidence, as that is historically determined. Its roots date back to the time after the Second World War (or to be more accurate, to the time when the war was still taking place), when the communists and Catholics united in the Resistance. In the time that followed, they asked themselves how to prevent the war atrocities from happening again. They found their answer in a so-called “folk pedagogy”. The cultural movements “Nation and culture” and “Work and culture” chose film as their medium, as it was able to touch the working people as well as students at universities. They wanted to address as big a public as possible. The cultural movements in France were later replaced by film clubs where film education for teachers took place and those teachers would later pass on their knowledge in school classes.
The integral version of this article can be found in the printed KINO!