The text tries to explain the unusual form of realism we find in Pier Paolo Pasolini’s film theory. Cinema and language are examined in terms of their relationships to reality. How can films create meanings when there are no dictionaries of cinematic images? Pasolini answers the question with an unusual form of realism based on an analogy between cinema and dreams. But even with the inclusion of dreams, Pasolini
still does not give up his realism.

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